BIOGRAPHY OF KP SHARMA OLI
Mr. K P Sharma Oli, the Prime Minister of Nepal took the oath of office on 15 February 2018, after being elected for the second time to the post. Currently the Chairman of Nepal Communist Party, the largest political party of Nepal, Mr. Oli has been for decades a torchbearer of democracy, peace and human rights. His life has been full of struggles, dedication and relinquishment for the cause of democracy and people’s rights. A leader with enormous courage and self-dignity he has always placed people’s interest at the center of his political and social activities.
He was elected as a member of the Constituent Assembly in November 2013 from his constituency in Jhapa. Mr. Oli played a leading role in promulgating the constitution, which has consolidated Nepal as a democratic polity based on human rights, inclusiveness, and rule of law. Promulgating a democratic constitution amidst challenging situation at home and adverse external environment was not an easy task. He indomitably resisted all attempts to undermine constitution writing process and stood firmly for an independent democratic exercise of Nepali people. After the promulgation of the constitution, he was elected as the Prime Minister in October 2015 for the first time. During his first tenure, he made significant contributions in implementing the constitution as well as laying the ground towards economic transformation for ensuring sustainable development and prosperity of the country and people.
Mr. Oli’s role has been instrumental from the genesis of the peace process in Nepal all the way through its successful conclusion. He is one of the architects of the 12 Points Agreement, a milestone in Nepali peace process and democratic transformation, which was reached between the alliance of parliamentary parties and then underground Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) in 2005. He was convinced that this was the only option left to bring the armed conflict to an end and begin the peace process in the country. He made consistent efforts to bring the two sides to this stage.
Born in 1952 in Terhathum, Nepal, Mr. Oli began his political career as early as 1966 and became a full-time political activist in 1968. As an active member of the party his efforts were directed towards reinstating democracy in the country by freeing it from the autocratic clutches of Panchayat Regime. For his pro-democratic political activities, he was arrested and jailed for 14 consecutive years including 4 years of solitary confinement. This could not silence his political conviction; rather made him strong and determined in his pursuit of political freedom and liberation from authoritarianism. A victim himself of torture and human rights abuse, he has been a strong crusader of democracy and human rights. After being released from the prison, he was assigned the responsibilities as a Central Committee Member of the then CPN (M-L) in 1987 where he was in-charge of the Lumbini zone till 1990.
In the first parliamentary elections held in 1991 after the restoration of democracy in Nepal, he was elected as a Member of House of Representatives, the lower house of the parliament. Similarly, he was re-elected to the seat in 1994 and 1999. Mr. Oli served as the Minister for Home Affairs in the government, which was the first government led by the popularly elected Communist Party, from 1994 to 1995. Similarly, he also served as the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs from April 2006 to March 2007. While in office, he led the efforts to consolidate rule of law, democracy, and human rights.
An able organizer, skillful communicator, and dedicated leader, Mr. Oli has served his party in different periods of time in different capacities including Politburo Member, Chief of the departments on international affairs, publicity, parliamentary affairs, party school. While he was the Chief of the Department of Parliamentary Affairs from 1995 to 2008, Mr. Oli contributed to the internal democratization of the party as well as played a leading role in the democratic struggle at the national level. He had a prominent role during the People’s Movement of 2006 that was launched to end the direct rule of the King and to establish Nepal as a democratic republic.
In July 2014, Mr. Oli was elected as the President of the party by the 9th National Congress. Under his leadership, he led his party and the left-alliance to the victory in the provincial and parliamentary elections of 2017. He also played an instrumental role in the unification of CPN (UML) and CPN (Maoist Centre), two left parties which were also the members of the left alliance.
Apart from his mother tongue, Nepali, Mr. Oli is conversant in several languages including English and Hindi. He is married to Mrs. Radhika Shakya. He is fond of reading the works on philosophy, political economy, literature, arts and culture. He has also been active in social works and loves to play various sports including table-tennis.
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Kp Sharma Oli